Give Individual Posts a Unique Style with WordPress Custom Post Templates
With the introduction of format types in WordPress, the ability to post “Link” posts or “Gallery” posts , etc. became something you could do out of the box.
But if you’ve ever wanted to give different posts a style of your own, there are a couple ways to accomplish this—with a bit of custom coding, or by using a plugin.
We’ll look at both in this post.
Continue reading, or use the links below to jump to any section:
- Create a Custom Post Template with Code
- Create a Custom Post Template with a Plugin
- Post-it Notes
First up, let’s…
1. It’s a good idea to make a copy of your site before fiddling with files and code, so go ahead and do a quick backup now.
A good host will likely have a built-in backup feature that you can avail yourself of. If you host with WPMUDEV, you can run a quick backup through The HUB. Alternately, you could use a plugin (we recommend Snapshot Pro).
2. Access your WordPress site files, either on your own server, or through your host access point.
3. Navigate to: Files > wp-content > themes > twentytwenty (or whatever theme you’ll be using)… and locate the single.php or singular.php file.
4. Make a copy of this file, then rename it. I’m going to call mine: jbtest.php.
5. Now we need to move this file into the templates subfolder (under twentytwenty).
You’ll note that the files already populated here are preceded by “template–”, so we’ll rename the file again to match that convention, making mine: template-jbtest.php.
Now that the file is named appropriately and in the correct folder, we need to edit the contents so it’s coded as a template.
6. Go into editing mode (right-click the file, and choose Edit text), and at the very top of the code, add the following:
* Template Name: JBTest
* Template Post Type: post, page
Where the code reads “Template Name Posts: JBTest”, use whatever name you like (in place of JBTest).
Note: Make sure each line of this top level code is on its own row. (It may display in a single line when you paste it.)
7. Change the rest of the file in whatever way you like, to make it your own. Make sure to click “Save & Close” after completing the edit.
Let’s create a new post, so we can test out the template we just made.
1. From the WordPress dashboard, create a New Post.
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2. In the right side menu, you should see a column called “Post Attributes”, with the header “Template” beneath it.
3. Click on the Template dropdown menu to see the assorted templates available. Your new template will be listed there as you named it, so go ahead and select it!
There’s my “test” message. It’s not very pretty, but that’s easily fixed by formatting, such as adding padding, changing font type, style, color, etc. The important thing is, it definitely did what we wanted!
Now, let’s try the plugin method.
If you don’t want to touch any code, you can opt to go the plugin route. In this example, we’re going to use the Custom Layouts plugin.
Head to the WP plugin repository to get the Custom Layouts plugin.
2. After installing and activating the plugin, you’ll see its menu in the dashboard. Click on Templates, then the Add New Template button.
3. This will open the Template editing mode, which works with Gutenberg blocks via the left side of the screen.
You can work from the Template or Element tabs, accessible on the right side of the screen. Make sure to name your template, and save it when complete.
4. You can save this as a template for any future posts, or use the shortcode (furthest right side panel in editing mode) to display a single instance of the template.
If you prefer, you can work from the Layouts menu, which allows for easy setup of grid type posts. Everything you do here can also be saved as a template for future use, or by using shortcode to display the layout.
5. You can View, Edit, or Delete Templates or Layouts at any time from the dashboard plugin submenus.
There you have it… two relatively quick and easy ways to give individual posts a unique style.
For those who particularly enjoy DIY, check out this in-depth article on the blog, Creating Custom Content in WordPress: Custom Post Types.
Editor’s Note: This post has been updated for accuracy and relevancy.
[Originally Published: November 2011 / Revised: April 2022]